Post was not sent - check your email addresses! By using this website, you agree not to sell or make a profit in any way from any information or forms that you obtained through this website. They are more likely to face legal restrictions on work and travel related to their visas. Predators are insidiously capable of identifying the most vulnerable youth, those who lack self-esteem, self-confidence or are marginalized in some way. There are a number of factors which make people vulnerable to abuses of all kinds, particularly human trafficking. Who is Most Vulnerable? Foreign Nationals are at an increased risk because of the legal and travel restrictions they face. “Although human trafficking affects every demographic, a common factor across all forms of modern slavery is the victims’ vulnerability to exploitation. They are not for sale. People, especially children, and youth are less resilient after experiencing trauma and more likely to be persuaded or tricked by others who would take advantage of emotional instability, low self-esteem, physical injury, a missing support system, and an intensified need to be accepted by peers or stand-ins for family members. The Polaris Project has a detailed list with further explanations. MYTH: All trafficked people are in other countries – mostly in Asia and Africa. Foreign nationals may also be victims of sex trafficking. TRUTH: Human trafficking appears in many forms. O rgan trafficking, a lucrative global illicit trade, is often a lesser discussed form of human trafficking among anti-human trafficking stakeholders due to its intricate and often stealth nature. Outside of the actual act of forcing someone to stay in such situations, these factors greatly affect a person’s propensity to report a crime or try to leave.”  TIP Report, 2016. “The traffickers look for those who are most vulnerable, including the homeless and runaways,” she said. According to the hotline, about 80% of trafficking cases nationally involve sex trafficking, and 90% of the victims are female. A form of modern-day slavery, human trafficking is defined by the U.S. Department of State as "the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion." Learn the impact of the COVID-19 health crisis >>. Specific risk factors for people with physical or cognitive disabilities include social marginalization, difficulty with communication, and diminished ability to protect oneself due to lack of instruction or resources. Intimate partner violence, domestic violence, incest, psychological or emotional abuse and neglect, and other forms of trauma and violence can make a person more vulnerable to human trafficking. For more useful information go to TexasCourtHelp, a website of the Texas Office of Court Administration's website. Outside the influence of a trafficker’s threats and lies, there’s also a lack of awareness of what human trafficking is. The most targeted populations for trafficking are homeless and runaway youths. Severe retaliation or attacks on their families hold many in fear of disobeying their traffickers. TRUTH: Human trafficking victims are found across all age, gender, and racial demographics. Media will often show a stereotyped trafficked innocent woman who is in need of rescue by a man. Victims are very rarely left alone and are threatened with violence. It happens all over the world, including the United States. Let us know in the comments what questions you have about human trafficking. This image is usually one of several varieties: a poor, shoeless person sitting in the dirt in a rural village; a teenage girl with chains around her hands and feet; or maybe even images we’ve seen in history books about the Transatlantic slave trade. not in control of their personal identification (passport, driver’s license, ID). Red flags to look for when trying to determine if the suspicious activity you have noticed is a case of human trafficking, specifically regarding an individual include someone who is: Other indicators include appearing fearful, anxious, submissive, tense, paranoid, etc. While anyone can be a victim, we know that kids who are homeless or … FREE, Not for Sale:  The information and forms available on this website are free. How to fight human trafficking. They are also more likely to have a language barrier, and they’re more likely to be unfamiliar with the area where they live including the geographic layout, resources available, and legal protections regarding labor. Traffickers lure victims in a variety of ways. People escaping from war and persecution are particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of trafficking. Physical and social factors make individuals with disabilities more vulnerable to human trafficking. Traffickers target the most vulnerable because traffickers use their insecurities to control them. This is one reason why it is so important to be educated on the issue and share what you’ve learned with others. This is why training for these individuals is so important. “Victims in these establishments are primarily controlled through debt, blackmail, and intense psychological manipulation. The journey a victim takes after the point of rescue is incredibly important to their future health and well-being. Oftentimes a human trafficking case will be noticed by someone who is most likely to come in contact with a victim – a police officer, medical professional, parent, teacher, employees at a hair or nail salon, etc. Vulnerability. For a broader knowledge of where human trafficking happens, read It Happens Everywhere. These families fall target to traffickers who promise families that they will provide work or education to their loved ones with a disability. The Texas Bar Foundation provided funding for website design. It doesn’t begin the moment the victim was first exploited. (, under 18 years old and performing commercial sex acts, unpaid or paid very little for employment, in large debt to employer and is unable to pay it off. These traffickers play the role of a boyfriend or a significant other, using feigned affection and manipulation to elicit commercial sex or services from the victim. No community, whether affluent or impoverished, isn’t immune to the crime of human trafficking (as discussed more thoroughly in our previous post: It Happens Everywhere). While not inclusive of all vulnerabilities, the following highlights a few risk factors for victims of human trafficking. This includes immigrants smuggled into the U.S., or currently residing in the U.S., who are vulnerable to exploitation due to their undocumented status. Often, individuals are not able or not yet willing to seek treatment for their previous abuse. Activism. However, victims are forced into organized begging rings because it is thought that they gain more sympathy (and therefore profit) by the traffickers. Farmworkers holding H-2A temporary work visas are prohibited from working for an employer other than the one who requested their visa, leaving the worker vulnerable to abuse by an employer, crew leader, or recruitment agency.” (Human Trafficking Resource Center). 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