Yet if you inquire into the first cause, we must come to the predestination of God. 10. Matthew 13:14-15; Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:10; John 12:39-41; Acts 28:26-27; Romans 11:8). That what we hear and see, we understand with the heart - that is, that there be yielded thereunto both assent of the mind and consent of the will, this is faith; (3.) (2) By Christ, as coming from Messiah in His glory (John 12:40, John 12:41) after counsel taken to "put Him to death" (John 11:53, and Compare Isaiah 12:37). The King: Who He is and what He will do (Isaiah 11:1-5) 2.The peace and blessing He brings (Isaiah 11:6-10) 3.The gathering of scattered Israel (Isaiah 11:11-16) It is a great vision of the future which this chapter unfolds.The critics deny that the blessed Person mentioned in the opening verses is our Lord Jesus. Acts 28:26, Acts 28:27. The time of these opening verses is future, though exactly when is not specified. Go back … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 11:1-10" That our faith may not fail, we ought to employ this support, that the office of teaching was enjoined on Isaiah, on the condition that, in scattering the seed of life, it should yield nothing but death; and that this is not merely a narrative of what once happened, but a prediction of the future kingdom of Christ, as we shall find to be stated shortly afterwards. They have despised the Holy One of Israel. daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. But their calumnies will not hinder his justice from being displayed, or hinder him from vindicating itself, and at the same time vindicating us. It implies the reckless headstrong will which defies restraint and warnings. John Trapp Complete Commentary. God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. “On this mountain,” God labors (God’s self!) With their heart "With their hearts" - ובלבבו ubilebabo, fifteen MSS. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … We ought also to attend to this circumstance, that Isaiah was not sent to men indiscriminately, but to the Jews. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?] In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple.Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. (2) The truth must, nevertheless, be proclaimed. This word Sal. Let us not wonder, therefore, if we appear to be like persons talking to the deaf, when we address those who boast of the name of God. ... 6:10 "their eyes are dim" This (BDB 1044, KB 1612, Hiphil IMPERATIVE) is literally "covered with secretions" (cf. God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? Agam. A Vision. So far from being persuaded when one rose from the dead (Luke 16:31) "the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death." Isaiah may or may not have realized that his words had prophetic significance, in addition to being applicable to his own situation. Nevertheless He directed the prophet to preach repentance, because the judgment of hardness suspended over the people as a whole did not preclude the possibility of the salvation of individuals. Romans 1:18-32; Hebrews 6:4-6). But as that purpose is hidden from us, we must not too eagerly search into it; for the everlasting scheme of the divine purpose is beyond our reach, but we ought to consider the cause which lies plainly before our eyes, namely, the rebellion by which they rendered themselves unworthy of blessings so numerous and so great. Preach them to hell. Solemnly quoted in three great dispensational crises: (1) By Christ (Matthew 13:14), as coming from Jehovah on the day a council was held "to destroy Him". ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" -, ὡστε το της παροιμιας ὁρωντας μη ὁρᾳν, και ακουοντας μη ακουειν. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. And shut their eyes - The word used here means “to spread over,” and then to close. The Apostle John quoted this verse (and Isaiah 53:1) in reference to the Jews" inability in Jesus" day to believe on Him ( John 12:40). Make their ears heavy; make them dull of hearing, as Isaiah 59:1 Zechariah 7:11, as sometimes the ears are made by an excessive noise. This is confirmed by the words in which his commission is expressed, and the substance of the message. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 6:1-13 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 1-5. Luke 8:10. Think the like here. Isa. As with all scripture, this oft-cited prophesy of messianic expectations has been used to paint a picture for Christ’s reign at times detached from the message of the text itself. True, this prediction was not the cause of their unbelief, but the Lord foretold it, because he foresaw that they would be such as they are here described. Paul, too, shows from this passage, on more than one occasion, (Acts 28:27; Romans 11:8,) that the whole blame of blindness rests with themselves. It is not only the loving will of God which is good, but also the wrathful will into which His loving will changes, when determinately and obstinately resisted. We may learn here. And be healed,] i.e., Pardoned and purged. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. And this seems best to agree with the following words. 9 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. [Acts 7:51] Antagoras, reciting his "Thebais," a book that he had made, among the Boeotians, and they little regarding him, he folded up his book, and said, Ye may well be called Boeotians, quia boum habetis aures, for ye have oxes’ ears - playing upon the notation of their name. But we ought not to think it strange if God punishes the wickedness of men by blinding them in the highest degree. Commentary on Isaiah 6 (Isaiah’s Commission) April 20, 2016 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. There is not a greater mischief can befall a man on this side hell than to be given up to a dead and dedolent disposition, such as was that of those [Ephesians 4:18] of the Jews in Christ’s time, and ever since, and of many Papists, who continue blind in the midst of so much light, and will not renounce those errors whereof they are clearly convinced. Yet the Prophet shows, a little before, that the blame of this blindness lies with the people; for when he bids them hear, he bears witness that the doctrine is fitted for instructing the people, if they choose to submit to it; that light is given to guide them, if they will but open their eyes. Ver. Isaiah 6:10 Hebrew; Septuagint ‘You will be ever hearing, but never understanding; / you will be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ / 10 This people’s heart has become calloused; / they hardly hear with their ears, / and they have closed their eyes Isaiah 6:10. The success of our ministry should not be our prime motivation to continue in the work of the gospel. Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. And consequently the Lord now proceeded to shut the door of repentance against His people. In chapters 1-5, Isaiah uses harsh words to speak of Judah’s wickedness. (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 1. q. xxiv. But the word of God brings salvation; at least some benefit must arise from the preaching of it, that it may do good to some, though many are deprived of the advantage by their own unbelief. Then said I, Here am I; send me. (Psalms 119:105.) (a). He declares that the people, bereft of reason and understanding, will perish, and there will be no means of obtaining relief; and yet he at the same time affirms that the labors of the Prophet, though they bring death and ruin on the Jews, will be to him an acceptable sacrifice. Sin is often represented as a painful, loathsome malady, and forgiveness as restoration from such a malady; Isaiah 30:26; Psalm 103; Psalm 41:3-4; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 17:14. 8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? (G. Cron, M. ben Melec explains to this sense, in which it is hardly used elsewhere, on the authority of Onkelos. We too have experienced it more than we could have wished; but it has been shared by all the servants of Christ, and therefore we ought to endure it with greater patience, though it is a very grievous stumbling-block to those who serve God with a pure conscience. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. The Coming King and His Kingdom. God justly held him responsible for his choice because he did have genuine, though limited, freedom. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. stupid and senseless; for the fat which is in the body is without sense; and fatness in the heart makes it dull and heavy. His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. I think not. And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. [Note: Grogan, p57.]. And convert.] A common Hebrew idiom. His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. At first sight it seems unreasonable that the Prophets should be represented as making men’s hearts more hardened. Indeed, the Prophet here speaks of it as unnatural and monstrous, that, by the doctrine of the word, the native tendency of which is to heal and soften, men should become insolent and obstinate and altogether incurable. The mediaeval adage, “Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat,” expresses one aspect of the same law; but the vult perdere is excluded by the clearer revelation of the Divine purpose (Ezekiel 18:23; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 2:9), as “not willing that any should perish.”, Shut their eyes.—Literally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. Lest they see; that they may not be able, as before they were not willing, to see. Commentary on Isaiah 6:9-13 (Read Isaiah 6:9-13) God sends Isaiah to foretell the ruin of his people. Lest they should see with their eyes, &c. ) was verbally directed to produce effects which he only predicted. When we repent, he is reconciled to us, and the rods with which he chastised us are no longer employed. Hereupon his master taketh it from him, bloweth it out, and sendeth him darkling to bed, in the way whereto he breaketh his arms or his face by some fall: will any man blame the master, since the candle was his, and allowed for use? "These things Isaiah said, because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him" (, ". He was letting His prophet see beforehand what the outcome of his ministry would be. 7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. 2:278. Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat,”, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. I.A.1. It is from the heart that corruption flows into the ears and eyes (Mark 7:21-22); but through the eye and ears healing reaches the heart (Romans 10:17) (Bengel). For the ethical fact, as well as for the phrase, we may (with Cheyne) compare Shakespeare—. 29:9; 32:3). They carry in their mouth the word of God, by which,as by a lamp, the steps of men ought to be guided; for this encomium, we know, has been pronounced on it by David. To hear, and not understand; to see, and not perceive; is a common saying in many languages. This detail is not incidental. For just as in all the good that men do, the active principle is the love of God; so in all the harm that they do, the active principle is the wrath of God. Fat, i.e. Observ. That we turn to the Lord by true repentance, and then we are sure of healing, which is by pardon of sin, and power against it. Forasmuch as this people.] Gesenius takes the imperatives as futures. 370-386). --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). This is not the first beginning of Isaiah's prophecies, but his inauguration to a higher degree of the prophetic office: Isaiah 6:9, &c., implies the tone of one who had already experience of the people's obstinacy. This ought to be carefully observed; for nothing is more customary with men than to abuse the gifts of God, and then not only to maintain that they are innocent, but even to be proud of appearing in borrowed feathers. Ver. Sin is often represented as a painful, loathsome malady, and forgiveness as restoration from such a malady; Isaiah 30:26; Psalm 41:3-4; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 17:14. There is a self-hardening in evil, which renders a man thoroughly incorrigible, and which, regarded as the fruit of his moral behaviour, is no less a judicial punishment inflicted by God, than self-induced guilt on the part of man. Not only does it give great offense, but Satan powerfully excites his followers to raise a dislike of instruction on the pretense of its being not merely useless, but even injurious; that it renders men more obstinate, and leads to their destruction. Burder (Oriental Customs, i. Isaiah states that he is the son of Amoz and that his ministry coincided with the Judean kings named Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah. That is, go and proclaim such “truth” to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. 'Go, and proclaim truth to a corrupt and sensual people, and the result will be that they will not hear; they are so wicked that they will not attend to it; they will become even more hardened; yet go, and though certain of producing this effect, still proclaim it;' see this passage explained in the notes at John 12:40. 10.Make the heart’ fat — The prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:10) was verbally directed to produce effects which he only predicted. 1. Gross and heavy, stupid and unteachable, hard and obdurate; which is sometimes done by the preaching of the Gospel, through the wickedness of man's heart, that being the savour of death unto death to some, just as the sun hardens the clay; or declare that their hearts are thus gross and stupid; or that I will give them up to a judicial hardness of heart: and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of. This is our healing. Isaiah 63:10. As dim-sighted people cannot blame the sun for dazzling their eyes with its brightness; and those whose hearing is weak cannot complain of a clear and loud voice which the defect of their ears hinders them from hearing; and, lastly, a man of weak intellect cannot find fault with the difficulty of a subject which he is unable to understand; so ungodly men have no right to blame the word for making them worse after having heard it. There is a saying precisely like this in Aeschylus: -, "Seeing, they saw in vain; and hearing, they did not understand.". Bible commentary on the Book of Isaiah, chapter 6, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. From the divine viewpoint, God had raised Pharaoh up to demonstrate His sovereignty and power in liberating the Israelites. Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. We may learn here. Compare John 11:45-46; John 12:10-11. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. We ought, indeed, to be deeply grieved when success does not attend our exertions; and we ought to pray to God to give efficacy to his word. Verses 1-16. The expression ל רפא is used in every other instance in a transitive sense, "to heal a person or a disease," and never in the sense of becoming well or being healed; but in the present instance it acquires a passive sense from the so-called impersonal construction (Ges. (John 12:41.) . this chapter immediately follows and precedes examples of wrong reaction to God"s word [ Isaiah 5:24; Isaiah 7:10-12]." Seeing this is the case, make the heart of this people fat - declare it to be stupid and senseless; and remove from them the means of salvation, which they have so long abused. His freedom was not complete; human freedom never is. The prophets are said to do what they denounce. He speaks of Judeans as rebellious children (1:2) and “people loaded with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! This effect is not the fault of the truth; and it is often well that the heart should be known, and the true effect should be seen. The meaning is, that they would so act that the effect of all his diligence and ingenuity to instruct and reform them would be to render them still more stupid and wicked, and still more the objects of the Lord’s displeasure. (96) Here the former statement is more fully expressed; for God informs Isaiah beforehand, not only that his labor in teaching will be fruitless, but that by his instruction he will also blind the people, so as to be the occasion of producing greater insensibility and stubbornness, and to end in their destruction. N.A.S.B. The prophet, by the bold figure in the sentiment above mentioned, and the elegant form and construction of the sentence, has raised it from a common proverb into a beautiful mashal, and given it the sublime air of poetry. And such being the eminent advantage derived from the word of God, if we are not reconciled to God as soon as his word sounds in our ears, we have no right to lay the blame on any other, for it rests wholly with ourselves. This prophecy is of the deepest import in Israel"s history. It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. of Kennicott's and fourteen of De Rossi's, and two editions, with the Septuagint, Syriac, Chaldee, and Vulgate. Isaiah 6:10. It is undoubtedly true, that when we are drawn inwardly, (John 6:44,) it is an extraordinary gift of God, and that the arm of God is not revealed to all, (Isaiah 53:1;) but by this dreadful punishment of obstinate malice, Isaiah intended to teach, that we ought earnestly to beware of despising when God calls. They have shut their ears, says he, and closed their eyes. Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. They are estranged and backward.” (1:4). An apprentice hath given him by his master a candle to light him to bed, which he abuseth to light him to game or drink. Lest depends upon heavy. John 12:40. And shut their eyes - The word used here means "to spread over," and then to close. And make their ears heavy.] Mark 4:12. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Isaiah chapters 1 to 6. www.easyenglish.bible. But our earlier doctrinarians have suggested the true solution, when they affirm that God does not harden men positive aut effective, since His true will and direct work are man's salvation, but occasionaliter et eventualiter, since the offers and displays of salvation which man receives necessarily serve to fill up the measure of his sins, and judicialiter so far as it is the judicial will of God, that what was originally ordained for men's salvation should result after all in judgment, in the case of any man upon whom grace has ceased to work, because all its ways and means have been completely exhausted. Blind. Now, the cause of all the evils which we endure is our rebellion against God. --- Them. Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" - The prophet speaks of the event, the fact as it would actually happen, not of God's purpose and act by his ministry. An evil act in itself is the result of self-determination proceeding from a man's own will; but evil, regarded as the mischief in which evil acting quickly issues, is the result of the inherent wrath of God, which is the obverse of His inherent love; and when a man hardens himself in evil, it is the inward working of God's peremptory wrath. The Israelites in Isaiah"s day had already hardened their hearts against the Lord, and His retributive judgment on them had already begun when Isaiah received his commission. Make, &c. = Declare or foretell that the heart of this People will be fat. For (1.) to prepare a sumptuous, Julia-Childs-worthy meal. And convert, and be healed - of their spiritual malady, sin (Isaiah 1:6; Psalms 103:3; Jeremiah 17:14). Or the words may be understood thus, according to the Hebrew idiom: "Ye certainly hear, but do not understand; ye certainly see, but do not acknowledge." So likewise Matthew 13:14; John 12:40; Acts 28:27. Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. ‹Go, and proclaim truth to a corrupt and sensual people, and the result will be that they will not hear; they are so wicked that they will not attend to it; they will become even more hardened; yet go, and though certain of producing this effect, still proclaim it;‘ see this passage explained in the notes at John 12:40. In simple terms, convert also means "to change," as in ice to water or dollars to pesos. The Assyrian Era (With Other Prophecies), Isaiah 1-39 I.A. This making of their hearts fat, is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit. And shut "Close up" - השע hasha . Shut their eyes, Heb. I.A.1.A. Isaiah 6:10 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (10) Make the heart of this people fat.--The thought is the same as that of the "hardening" of Pharaoh's heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). The place is named clearly and repeatedly: it is the wilderness. That is, go and proclaim such "truth" to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. Make the heart - The word “heart” here is used in the sense of the “mind” - to denote all their mental powers. Lest — That they may not be able, as before they were not willing to see. Most scholars treat chapters 24-27 as a unit. "return" In the OT this term (BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal PERFECT with waw) means "a change of action." (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. And be healed - Be restored from the malady of sin; be recovered and pardoned. This effect is the fruit, not of the truth in itself, hut of the corrupt state of their hearts, to which God here judicially gives them over (Isaiah 63:17). (St. Isidore. Read Isaiah 43 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Neither is there any the least injustice in such a proceeding. Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. I., sub fin. Be healed of sin, which is the disease of the soul, by remission and sanctification, and of all the deadly effects of sin. 10.Harden the heart of this people. Isaiah, A Brief Commentary Related Media. God told Moses before he went to Pharaoh with the Lord"s message that the Egyptian king would harden his heart ( Exodus 3:19). We wonder how it is possible that the greater part of men can furiously oppose God; and hence also arises a doubt if it be the heavenly truth of God which is rejected without bringing punishment; for it can hardly be believed that God addresses men for the purpose of exciting their scorn. Isaiah 6:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 6:10, NIV: "Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes.Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.'" and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of.