Jacob Burckhardt’s seminal 1860 work, "The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy," solidified the definition of humanism into the study of classical—Greek and Roman—texts to affect how you viewed your world, taking from the ancient world to reform the "modern" and giving a worldlier, human outlook focusing on the ability of humans to act and not blindly follow a religious plan. Renaissance Humanism (often known as Classical Humanism or simply Humanism): The initial flowering of humanist thought in the 15th and 16th Centuries, in opposition to the dominant Scholastic philosophy of the day. Humanism Focuses on Humanity. The ideas ceased to be the preserve of the rich, as printing had brought cheap written materials to a wider market, and now a mass audience was adopting, often unconsciously, humanist thinking. Humanism has its origin in the Middle Ages, in Italy between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries when it began to spread throughout Europe. Humanism has been described and interpreted in many different ways, and its meaning has been the subject of much controversy, just as has been the concept of the Renaissance itself. Humanism is a philosophy of reason and science in the pursuit of knowledge. Between the 14th and 15th centuries, the way of acquiring knowledge passe… By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Key Dates in Renaissance Philosophy, Politics, Religion, and Science, Biography of Ralph Waldo Emerson, American Essayist, Florence: The Center of Early Italian Renaissance Art, Renaissance Architecture and Its Influence, The Renaissance Writers Who Shaped the Modern World, The Proto-Renaissance - Art History 101 Basics, Industry and Agriculture History in Europe, M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University, B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University. Renaissance humanism was neither a philosophy nor an ideology. The admixture of by a demon, and the Koran was dictated by demons. Humanism was the major intellectual movement of the Renaissance. Modern historiography also began to emerge. It was the nineteenth century German historian Georg Voigt (1827–91) who identified Petrarch as the first Renaissance humanist. These ideals are shown physically in the Jacob Burckhardt’s seminal 1860 work, "The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy," solidified the definition of humanism into the study of classical—Greek and Roman—texts to affect how you viewed your world, taking from the ancient world to reform the "modern" and giving a worldlier, human outlook focusing on the ability of humans to act and not blindly follow a religious plan. They weren’t to be direct copies but drew on old models, picking up vocabulary, styles, intentions, and form. The admixture of praiseworthy elements in it was merely a demonic … Eloquence, which moved the soul, was the equal of cold logic. The Renaissance began in Italy during the 1300s in which a of rebirth of the arts, economy, science, and culture of Europe occurred. By 1400, Renaissance Humanism’s ideas had spread to allow speeches and other orations to become classicized: diffusion was needed so more people could understand. C) a philosophy born out of the Enlightenment which teaches that all humans are born with natural rights. Humanism should be a doctor to human morals. Humanism was one of the most pervasive traits of the Renaissance, and it affected more or less deeply all aspects of the culture of the time including its thought and philosophy. Therefore, when it comes to the question of the most valid means for acquiring knowledge of the world, Humanists reject arbitrary faith, authority, revelation, and altered states of consciousness. If you see humanism as a secular "freedom from God" movement (as your freshman history professor likely defined it), than you'd see the Renaissance as some kind of exaultation of man over the bad ol' religion. His adoption jibed with a turn back to the secular. b. Humanism A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized human potential to attain excellence and promoted direct study of the literature, art, and civilization of classical Greece and Rome. The power of Humanism, with its textual criticism and study, was shown in 1440 when Lorenzo Valla proved The Donation of Constantine, ostensibly transferring much of the Roman Empire to the Pope, was a forgery. Between 1375 and 1406 Coluccio Salutati was chancellor in Florence, and he made the city the capital of Renaissance Humanism’s development. All this time Humanist commentaries and writings were growing in fame and number. 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