It seems this advice may have been heeded; the pitch was faster in a match against New South Wales, won by the West Indians, in which Headley scored 70 and two. [9][13], Following his success, Headley abandoned his prospective career in dentistry. With ten fours in total, Headley became the first West Indian to score a century against Australia, and was left 102 not out when West Indies were bowled out for 193. Overall, there are 61 Test centuries have been scored at the ground, including 4 double hundreds. He played a few further games after the war with little success. In this match Headley became the first West Indian, and only the fifth cricketer of any nation, to score two separate hundreds in a Test match. [83][84] During the series, Headley demanded expenses, which were not normally granted to the players. Headley was the only batsman that stood between West Indies and regular capitulations. The Jamaican Board were reluctant to pay but Headley pointed out that, as a professional cricketer, he was entitled to the same treatment as the Yorkshire players, whose expenses were provided. [71][72] In 1935 he scored over 900 runs at an average of 61.13, and took 34 wickets; his contract was renewed for another two years. His playing career ended in 1954 on his return to Jamaica, after a public subscription paid his fare from England. It remained a West Indian record until Garfield Sobers scored 365 not out in 1958, and was the team's highest against England until Lawrence Rowe scored 302 in 1974. [9][38][41] Forced to follow-on, West Indies were dismissed for 148 of which Headley made 28, the highest score of the innings. [5], On leaving school, Headley was appointed as a temporary clerk in a magistrate's court; this enabled him to play competitive cricket for the St Andrew's Police side in 1926, in a cup competition. Batting towards the end of West Indies' second innings, he scored seven not out. [124] He was given the nicknames "the Black Bradman" and "Atlas" by commentators, and was the first world-class batsman from the West Indies who was black. He was the first person to ever accomplish this feat at the home of cricket. [130] Wisden noted in 1933 that his timing and placement of the ball was perfect. Before the war, Headley had played 35 test innings in ten years. "[134] The white upper classes were proud of his achievements as a West Indian, but Manley writes "it was to the black masses that Headley had the deepest significance ... [He] became the focus for longing of an entire people for proof: proof of their own self-worth, their own capacity. [12] He had another opportunity against English opposition in 1929, when a team led by Julien Cahn arrived to play two first-class games. George Headley Stuart Wark | 12:00am BST 18 March 2009 George Headley | 12:00am BST 18 March 2009 George Headley in 1956 and was made an honorary life member of the MCC in 1958. When West Indies still needed 428 runs, rain fell for two days and the match had to be abandoned after its ninth scheduled day. [138] In 1961, Headley coached for six months in Nigeria and earned praise from the Nigerian Cricket Association. [129], Manley describes Headley as just under medium height with sloping shoulders. When he batted he was run out for a duck by Constantine after facing one delivery, and Haslingden lost the match. For this very reason, Headley was called The Atlas, for single handedly carrying West Indies on his shoulders. George was the only proper batsman in the West Indian team. The firm were enthusiastic cricket patrons, allowing employees time off to play in matches, so that Headley was able to attend practice with the Jamaica team on a regular basis. He also took his maiden first class wicket. The Board eventually relented before the series ended. [7] That year, Headley began working for Keeling–Lindo Estates, in St Catherine. George Headley (West Indies) 32. [9] With the Test series level, it was agreed that the final match of the series would be played until one team won, regardless of how long it took—the other Tests had been limited to four days each. [9] In a career total of 103 first-class games he aggregated 9,921 runs at 69.86, with 33 centuries, and took 51 wickets at 36.11. George Headley vs England (1930) Prior to Miandad holding the record, the distinction of the being the youngest-ever double centurion in Tests belonged to West Indies’ George Headley for 46 years. He was chosen as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1934. Although in that year his overall batting performance declined, to 677 runs at an average of 37.61, he took 76 wickets at 9.70 and had success in the Worsley Cup competition, including one innings of 189 not out in a match played over five evenings. Another son, Lynn, reached the semi-finals of the 100 metres and came fourth in the 100 metres relay at the 1964 Olympics; he also won a gold medal with Jamaican sprint relay teams in the Central American and Caribbean Games of 1966 and silver with the relay team at the Commonwealth Games of the same year. ... Headley scored eight centuries against England and two against Australia in 40 innings. [48] Jamaica made an uncertain start,[48] losing five wickets by the time their score reached 215 but Headley had scored 130. After retiring as a player, Headley was employed as a cricket coach by the Jamaican government until 1962. [9][10] In the second game against Lord Tennyson's XI which began in Kingston on 18 February, Headley scored his maiden first-class century. [9], In the first Test, West Indies suffered their only defeat of the series. * There have been 247 centuries that have come in the fourth innings of tests, out of a total of 4210 centuries in test history in percentage terms, that is only 5.9% of all hundreds. Despite Headley's contributions, the West Indians won only one of these matches and subsequently lost the first Test against England by an innings. [8] In the first match, Headley played a slow, defensive innings of 57,[14] but he did not reach fifty in his other three innings. [113] The Test selectors had seen enough to include Headley in the team for the first Test. After all, George Headley was by far the best West Indian batsman of his times, and, by many accounts, the best in the world but for Don Bradman. Batting at number three, he played aggressively in the first innings but the crowd barracked him and he was bowled for 21. In his second season, the club topped the league. He visited America and played some exhibition matches for the Jamaican Athletic Club in New York, scoring a century against a touring team from Bermuda; his parents had moved to America by then, which enabled Headley to combine the cricket with his first visit to his parents in ten years. In an outmatched West Indies team before and after World War Two, the batting brilliance of George Headley shone through. [40] During the third Test at Brisbane, Headley made his first substantial contribution to the series, after Australia scored 558 batting first. [29], Headley was selected for the West Indian tour of Australia in the 1930–31 season, under the captaincy of Jackie Grant. In the course of the innings he achieved the rare feat in Australia of reaching 1,000 first-class runs on the tour. However, he was now on the verge of the Jamaica team and a delay in the arrival of the application forms for his American work permit allowed him to make his first-class debut for Jamaica against another touring team led by Lord Tennyson. The MCC side was not at full international strength; it included players who were either just beginning or just ending their international careers,[19] and several star English bowlers were missing. [9] After two heavy Test defeats for the tourists, some critics believed that the series was too one-sided and that some of the five Tests should be cancelled. Headley played the hook very effectively and hit many short deliveries for runs. Download Images Watch Videos online [66][67][68] Living in Haslingden where there were few, if any, other black people, Headley faced some prejudice from residents. George Headley was the first great West Indian batsman and a pioneer for cricket in the Caribbean. In 1919, concerned by the amount of Spanish being spoken by her son, Headley's mother took him to Jamaica so he could be educated in an English-speaking school. In the second innings, opening again, he made 155 not out to guide West Indies to their victory target of 363. [97] Trinidad played three matches in Jamaica and Headley scored 52 in the second game but only reached his best form when he scored 99 in the third. [26][27] Headley ended the series with 703 runs at an average of 87.87. England batted again, to set West Indies an eventual victory target of 836. [136] Headley had a heavy workload, particularly in rural areas; together with his assistant Dickie Fuller his role involved encouraging school children to watch and play cricket, and trying to improve standards and facilities throughout the country. [15][18], In 1930 the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) undertook a tour of the West Indies which included four Test matches—the first Tests to be played in the West Indies. These tours also served to build Headley's reputation. Players with Centuries in both innings of a Test match, more than once in their career. In addition to his regular practice, Headley began a programme of running and swimming to improve his overall fitness. In 1936 he again scored over 900 runs, and took 54 wickets. West Indies subsequently bowled out England to win the match and level the series. George Headley averages 60.83 in 22 matches with 10 centuries. Headley, playing Grimmett comfortably by now, batted for 146 minutes, and hit 13 fours. [69], The MCC went to Jamaica for the final leg of their tour. [75][76] In the second Test, Headley scored 25 in his first innings; in the second, he adopted a cautious approach as his team led by 44, hitting 93 in 225 minutes. West Indies' first world-class batsman", "Test match players: Related Test players", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Headley&oldid=995895538, Cricketers who made a century on Test debut, Members of the Order of the British Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 13:24. [51] Headley continued his success in the second game, opening the batting and top-scoring with 84 in the first innings. George Alphonso Headley OD, MBE (30 May 1909 – 30 November 1983) was a West Indian cricketer who played 22 Test matches, mostly before the Second World War.Considered one of the best batsmen to play for the West Indies and one of the greatest cricketers of all time, Headley also represented Jamaica and played professional club cricket in England. [27][28] When Headley was stumped, he had made what was at the time the fourth highest individual score in all Test cricket and the highest in a second innings. [9][44] Headley scored 336 runs in the Test matches at an average of 37.33,[29] and 1,066 runs at 44.41 in all first-class games. Although the game was drawn, he had recorded Jamaica's highest score in a match between the Caribbean islands. [9] A thumb injury in the first match meant he could not bat, although he bowled 44 overs in the game. His first innings of 114 was played mainly in support of Roach, who scored a double century. 22. [13] This was over 1,000 runs more than any other tourist and placed him third in the English first-class batting averages for the season. [56] He faced criticism for playing off the back foot so often, but R. C. Robertson-Glasgow believed his square cut, late cut, and hook were exceptionally good. "[87] Headley had scored three centuries in consecutive Test innings, but he could not prevent England winning this first Test by eight wickets. West Indies won this game under the captaincy of Goddard, who had earlier led West Indies to victory in the third Test. These tactics helped West Indies to a 140-run win in a match they might have lost; Stollmeyer followed a similar approach in the following match. [9][109], Headley played for the Kensington Club until 1950, when he resumed league cricket in England; he returned for a final season with Kensington in 1955 before retiring from Senior Cup cricket. He hit the ball hard and was very difficult to get out. Arunabha Sengupta looks back at the career of the stumper who held his own as a batsman in an era of Don Bradman, George Headley and Wally Hammond. [92] In the Test series, Headley scored 334 runs at an average of 66.80,[29] but did not play again on the tour after the final Test, as the team were advised to abandon the last seven matches because of the deteriorating political situation in Europe. Headley scored 704 runs at an average of 87.88 in the four test matches. Find out more in our, vs England at Kensington Oval, Jan 11, 1930. [125] Headley was particularly effective on bad batting wickets. In just twenty-two test matches, he amassed 2,190 runs, including ten centuries, for an average of 60.83. While West Indies played their inaugural Test series during that tour, Headley continued to play for St Catherine's. This included a spell of three wickets without conceding a run in 14 deliveries, prompting a pitch invasion by the crowd. [35] In the final match before the Test series began, against South Australia, Headley had problems playing the Australian bowlers, particularly the leg spin of Clarrie Grimmett. He became the first player to score two hundreds in a Lord's Test, a feat not repeated until 1990. George Headley (West Indies) Depending on where you hail from, George Headley is either the Black Bradman or Bradman is the white Headley. In 1937 he broke the record for most runs scored by any player in a Lancashire League season, accumulating 1,360 at an average of 97.15, with five centuries; he also took 41 wickets. He had scored two double centuries, eight centuries and five fifties at an average of 70.64. [128], As of 2014, Headley's average in Test matches of 60.83 is third highest among those with 2,000 runs, behind Bradman and Graeme Pollock, and but for the Tests he played after the war, he would have been above Pollock. [71] He changed his bowling style to medium pace and took 59 wickets at an average of 16.59. [148] In the latter year, he also received the Order of Distinction. A quieter match followed against Middlesex, but Headley reached his second double century of the tour in the match against Derbyshire, which took him past 1,000 runs for the season. [8], Headley made his Jamaica debut against Lord Tennyson's XI at Sabina Park on 9 February 1928, in a match won easily by the home team. However, his job made it impossible to attend, and he was not considered for the Jamaican side against Lord Tennyson's English touring side in 1927. A 20-year-old George Headley stamped his authority all over England in his debut series, with a staggering aggregate of 703 runs from four Tests to lead West Indies’ early upsurge in Test cricket. [28] The English press speculated on Headley's ability to cope with English conditions,[55] while expecting him to perform to a high standard. George Alphonso Headley, born on May 30 1909, is regarded by many as next only to Bradman for his stupendous batting exploits. [98] In the first game against Barbados, Headley scored 203 not out and 57 not out, took four for 40 in the tourists' first innings and another wicket in the second.