Belize boasts the second largest barrier reef in the world, and the largest coral reef system in the Western Hemisphere. Almost 2.3% of the land surface of Earth is represented by these hotspots. This data is based on several sources, which are listed below. Biodiversity loss is attributable to several causes but by far the biggest culprits are habitat destruction and overexploitation of species, driven by our exploding numbers and unsustainable consumption. However, to build back better, the post- 2020 global biodiversity framework must deal effectively with governance, human rights and equitable sharing of benefits and costs. Megadiverse Countries Description. Documenting Biodiversity In Ecuador. These sites support nearly 60% of the world's plant, bird, mammal, reptile, and amphibian species, with a very high share of those species as endemics. Flora in Colombia is also diverse and welcoming. Fish: Fishbase; Birds: Birdlife International; Amphibians: AmphibiaWeb; Mammals: IUCN; Reptiles: the Reptile Database. One such hotspot is located on the western coast of Ecuador in South America. Smithsonian Institution. in the areas where biodiversity is highest may not be the ones to benefit from their resources. Forests across western Amazonia, however, were more uniform in species composition than the theory allowed, a surprising result. Pictures: Bolivian park may have the world’s highest biodiversity. A theory for beta-diversity had heretofore eluded ecologists. "Where Is The World's Greatest Biodiversity? Biodiversity benefits humanity in many ways. Well, first of all, only a few countries in the world have enough biodiversity to rank this high. In contrast, forests on the Isthmus of Panama change dramatically in tree species composition from one site to the next. Russia has comparatively low biodiversity due to its climate and availability of resources. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. Therefore, Indonesia becomes one of the main tourist’s destination from around the world. It has jungles, wetlands, forests and coasts, and both flora and fauna are unique. “Explanations for this uniformity will require deeper understanding of how different tropical trees are from one another,” said co-author and Smithsonian scientist Egbert G. Leigh, Jr., who devised the mathematical formula that led to the undermining of the neutral theory. World’s Biggest Battery Race Gets New Contender in Australia Lucid Motors Is in Talks to List Via Michael Klein SPAC Flooding Due to Climate Change Caused $75 Billion of … The most amount of mammals and freshwater fish known to man and upwards of 50,000 different species of flora. More than 50 percent of the world’s species are thought to exist in the tropical rainforests . It helps make the global economy more resilient, it functions as an integral part of our culture and identity, and research has shown it’s even linked to our physical health. by Jeremy Hance on 12 September 2012 . The 2016 State of Nature report concluded that the United Kingdom was one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world. " Which country is considered to have the highest biodiversity in the world?. Australia has one of the most diverse collections of plants and animals in the world. Given that Europe has a high ecological footprint and relies heavily on the import of resources and goods from all over the world, Europe's impact on biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation extends well beyond its borders. In addition to this, 51% of the country is protected. Laura Hood summarises the latest data on the world's biodiversity, with facts and figures on its value and efforts to conserve it.. Laura Hood summarises the latest data on the world's biodiversity, with facts and figures on its value and efforts to conserve it..