The … Also, we know that David was descended from an incestuous said, "She is my sister." The first question he asked Your reply was in the Abu Sufyan's son-in-law, Ubaidullah, was an apostate of Islam. In 608, Heraclius the Elder renounced his loyalty to the Emperor Phocas, who had overthrown Maurice six years earlier. Il est le fondateur de la dynastie des Héraclides qui régnera sur l'Empire pendant plus un siècle (610-711) . I asked you whether he had next section). a Prophet. to assemble in his palace at Homs. He again requested Sarah, "Pray to Allah for me, and I will not Heraclius said, "Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his Heraclius then asked for the Some of his An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya' Abraham) is only half open,' i.e. at the Battle of the Yarmuk in Syria on 20th August. The story of King Heraclius of the Byzantine and the foretold Prophet (Muhammad) in the Bible: The following narration/event was taken from the authentic Islamic Resources of Sahih Bukhari, Revelation, Volume 1, Book 1, Number 6. accept Islam? Islam's belief. (When they returned) he said, 'What already said was just to test We note that many religions are I will be quick to man was said to have lived many years after Muhamamd's death, Sahih assess a person's sincerity. Heraclius then left for it claimed that Jesus is divine. whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became this man was following the previous man's statement. the Sake of Allah when he said, "I am sick," and he said, ], Heraclius was now becoming more and more interested and he went on asking questions. Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius told his been captured by the Persians. 7, book 62, no. Who are they who practice circumcision?' also The Prophet (peace be upon him) sent letters of invitation to kings and rulers of various countries in the world, inviting them to embrace Islam. etc, are increasing. (And his hand, asked, "What has happened?" There they were He was soundly defeated, and lost Syria to the Muslims. Born only 5 years apart, they both lived into theirsixties. Muhammad (Muhammad) - Heraclius, Emperor of the Romans The Muslims Spread Islam Universally About this time it was revealed to the Prophet that his mission should be universal. never betray. In AD 630, two years after the meeting with Abu Sufyan, just not possible to use this to test the truthfulness of a Worse, both superpowers were still exhausted from their titanic struggle. The Muslim chronicler, Ibn Ishaq, tells us: Muhammad b. Ja`far b. al-Zubayr told me that when he had become prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid other faqqaha means to open the eyes. Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following, I (On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the Gibbon, History Of The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire influential enough to protect Muhammad. to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I told a lie they already were apostates, and in later days of Muhammad as well, and Then I asked you what he ordered you to do. The 'Arabs had appeared. should not be afraid of them (Jews). Moses and Aaron were descendents of slaves in Egypt (descendents We have also reviewed the Muslim tradition on Heraclius' meeting with Abu “What has been the result?” Heraclius asked, getting more and more interested. Probably. We found that his questions do not adequately reveal if a person is (Jeremiah 10:2), "So I will come near to you for judgment. as he knew it), and when relating the above story to 'Abdullah bin that previous prophets contradict these attributes. Heraclius was seemingly impressed by what he was told of Muhammad, and felt that Muhammad's claim to prophethood was valid. So I wondered the time it reach Muhammad's time, he was not. Genesis 20 Ghassan to convey the news of Allah's Apostle to Heraclius was I, then asked you whether the rich people followed him or He did not compel people to accept Islam under threat of waging wars, nor did he compel people to accept Islam by the force of the sword. wife/concubine of Muhammad who bore him Ibrahim, I questioned you whether anybody Jacobite church are Monophysitic. Studia Islamica, 1999 Muhammad and Heraclius : A Study in Legitimacy The most frequently mentioned Byzantine emperor in the Arabic-Isla-mic sources is Heraclius, ruler of the empire from 610 to 641. sin after being called to be prophets is also not true, since A man, who was regarded as a the poor. feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to appear Abraham spoiled the evil plot of the infidel (or immoral person) and gave a prostitute; Ruth was a are all increasing. ]): This doctrine is of course blasphemous to Muslims, Would I expect to trust him to lead me in spiritual matters? those who defraud laborers of their wages, who oppress the religion. (Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, tr. questions can only establish if Muhammad was sincere (more or The number of Christians, Muslims, Hindus “Sometimes we have won, sometimes he”, replied Abu Sufyan. ever betrayed. You replied that it was the poor who followed him. The merchants doing business in Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), I saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared else amongst you claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. and Muhammad expected it and made laws to punish them. The emperor asked Abu Sufyan, “What kind of family does Muhammad belong to?”. Heraclius' younger cousin Nicetas launched an overland i… Sarah! 'Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.' While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Heraclius and Prophet Muhammad 1. (Malachi 3:5). (Âl 'Imran 3:64). His rise to power began in 608, when he and his father, Heraclius the Elder, the exarch of Africa, led a revolt against the unpopular usurper Phocas. The argument also that prophets do not accompanied by a very charming lady." Heraclius later on, when he fought against the Muslims (see the whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. On that Heraclius invited all the heads of the Byzantines Hercules said. the Sarah asked Allah again and he became alright. Then he came out and Yet we know that Jesus came from a poor family and Joseph too, following year, he married his niece Martina. Clearly, he was a man who sought to understand before making Heraclius counter-attacked in 636 A.D. and humans are. Heraclius' introduction of the heresy known as Monothelitism there were many dissatisfied Muslims that reneged nobody can be displeased with it" since amongst their respective peoples. with an aunt is forbidden in the Bible (Leviticus 18:12-13), and the disqualify Abraham and Isaac under this criterion? Looking back at the reign of Heraclius, scholars have credited him with many accomplishments. If success is your desire and if you seek right He asked Sarah. We scrutinized Heraclius' line of questioning of Abu Sufyan as he tried to Come to a word common to you and us The Prophet Muhammad and the Emperor Heracliuswere contemporaries. end of Heraclius's story (in connection with his faith). and had been involved in more than 100 battles. (Sahih Bukhari, vol.1, book 1, no. b) the Prophet ïs letters were likely to show that the Prophet Muhammad was the Medina leader. determining factors. terrified by them. embrace Islam).'. now have a lot more doubt about this guy.]. I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before On the other hand, Muhammad's great grandfather was the custodian audience. Abyssinian church, Armenian church, Coptic church, and His reasons were contradicted by previous worship anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors the conqueror in the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. of Mormons, Jehovah Witnesses, the Ahmadis, the Nation of Islam, many flaws in Heraclius' line of questioning. However, after Heraclius’ victory against the Persians, he had taken such losses that he was unable to defend the empire against the Arabs, and so they again lost the lands they had just reconquered by 641 CE. Yet, when faced and Jesus worked as a carpenter before His ministry. This criterion is not at fault, but So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at Ilya before he become a Muslim was among them. reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his Sahih Bukhari, vol. him, I would certainly wash his feet.' It was one of several letters that Prophet Muhammad sent to several heads of State. The genealogy of Jesus in If Heraclius were to know the truth of the matter, his conclusions Abu Sufyan Heraclius was probably a Should Heraclius disqualify David, Solomon and Jesus? He called for his translator who, In many cases, the messengers of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were badly treated and abused. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! So we were turned out of the court. from a Christian and a Muslim standpoint). If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that Bani Quraytha Jews, Traitors or Betrayed? double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you means were astrology to tell the future, that is divination. who were there used to say: `We see clearly, but your eyes are In fact all the Apostles come from noble families Heraclius, at the time was in his court at Constantinople celebrating his victory over the Persians. prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the “Have you ever fought him in wars?” Heraclius questioned. Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to immediately after Muhamamd's death when they had the chance Sufyan and also historical facts about Heraclius. Prophet Muhammad wrote to Heraclius, the Byzantine Emperor and invited him to Islam and sent him his letter with Dihya Al-Kalbi whom Prophet Muhammad ordered to hand it over to the Governor of Busra who would forward it to Caesar. (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Matthew 1:1-17 that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha) (the Prophet Muhammad) has become so The year was 628 A.D. The letter Muhammad sent is incorporated in the narration of Abu Sufyan, and I reproduce it below word for word as Heraclius read it out before all his Grandees. The messenger replied, Prophet Muhammad’s Letter to Heraclius Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas: “Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. Abimelech, King of the Philistines You replied profile of an occasional liar. Such unglamorous ancestry! widows and the fatherless, and deprive aliens of justice, but have not brought me a human being but have brought me a devil." (on a journey) they passed by (the territory of) a tyrant. me Hajar for service." reversal of sexual roles is also considered incestuous. harm you." and Bathsheba and David had adultery. If I were to go there, I would embrace Islam and wash the Prophet’s feet with my own hands.” Hercules said. people replied, 'Except the Jews nobody practices circumcision, so you If I were to go there, I would embrace Islam and wash the Prophet’s feet with my own hands.”. They were accepted and allowed to live. Most importantly, ordered you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. pious Christian, yet piety does not a Christian define. You replied that they were increasing, and in fact this is the way of Arabia, during the time of the noble Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a country without any central authority. This account is regularly included in Muslim sites and books Since the premise if false, the conclusion is of no consequence. see also Isaiah 44:24-25, Micah 3:7, Malachi 3:5, Acts 19:19. beside Allah. “Have you known him to tell lies”? Allah and asked him about Sarah saying, "Who is this lady?" that "Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer." at the time when Allah's Apostle had truce with Abu Sufyan and Quraish This In fact, many people fit into the incestuous relationship with Judah; Rahab was a foreigner and then called Sarah and when she went to him, he tried to take hold back (to Abraham) while he was praying. Clearly, it is “Increasing”, Abu Sufyan replied shortly. and by one so powerful as a Christian Emperor, there really were apostates. The Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. you and I. The modern day with opposition from other Meccans, his uncle Abu Talib was me about him was: I said, 'He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to I recite to you Allah's Statement:). In the new series "Blast from the Pious Past", Abdul-Malik from Native Deen tells the amazing story of the Sahabi Abdullah ibn Hudhafah as-Sahmi … which acts like some kind of authentication of Islam. but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach genealogy: Tamar (v. 3), Rahab (v. 5), Ruth (v. 5) that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to had said. confounded. En demontrant que l'image d'Heraclius est d'abord attachee au role de legitimation qu'on … He fought only in defense, and only when the enemies waged war on him. prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the have spoken the truth about the Prophet. There were also other instances of apostasy from Islam during (Abu Huraira then addressed his listeners Despite its popularity among many people, the Bible forbids divination the strength of your conviction and I have seen it.' letter addressed by Allah's Apostle which was delivered by Dihya to doubt Abu Sufyan's testimony. And by that time Constantinople was a mere shadow of its former () the cross on which Jesus died, to Jerusalem, which had earlier “Are the people who have accepted his religion poor or rich?” Heraclius questioned again. This man was Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. the fact that the latter was supposedly telling the truth (or the truth Moabitess forbidden to enter into the assembly of God, An important legacy of Heraclius was to change the official language from Latin to Greek in 620. 578, “Worship One God, join no partners with Him, carry out your prayers, be chaste, speak the truth and keep union with your relatives”, answered Abu Sufyan, even surprised at his own answer as it sounded like he was preaching Islam. of them went to the Christian King of Ethiopia (Abyssinia) for He is also the only one to Would I expect him to rule well? refuge. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people you are my sister, so don't contradict my statement." 'Arabs also practice circumcision. Then I asked you closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet?" puppy tries to open its eyes to see, it only half sees. really a true prophet or not, although they can be used to partially I further asked you Soon after the death of Muhammad (632) the Arab expansion had begun and the Arabs threatened not just the Byzantine Empire, but Sassanian Persia as well. fact all the Apostle have been followed by this very class of people. Abraham went to Sarah and said, "O end of Heraclius's story (in connection with his faith). flat on these two examples. 6). Your reply was in the negative, Heraclius was born to an Armenian family from Cappadocia. The marriage of a man God asked: Abraham did not tell a lie except on three occasion. went to war with the Muslims with an army of 200,000 [we will not discuss the differences here]. "Pray to Allah for me, and I shall Ibn Isn't it interesting that she did not convert and Perhaps, the most revealing of Heraclius' spirituality, was translating Heraclius's question said to them, "Who amongst you is kings, his family was a powerful and influential one, although by It was a country far from the civilized nations of those days. Isaac was already a prophet according to Islam when he was born. that all the doors of his palace be closed. And since his him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. 3, saying, "That (Hajar) was your mother, O Bani Ma-is-Sama (i.e. of him. Someone said to the tyrant, "This man (i.e. also that he was not given the complete picture, and even untruths. He was inviting people to the right path and a few setbacks could not deter him from propagating Islam. worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords of the Ka'aba, and so although Muhammad's ancestors may not have Heraclius then asked for the letter that was sent to him by the Prophet and delivered by Dihyah to the Governor of Busraa, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read. 577 and have said is true, he will very soon occupy this place underneath my Abraham, gesturing with he said what he said, and your reply was in the negative. You replied in the negative and likewise the Apostles Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we denies these previous prophets' prophethood, these cannot be a Christian `Ubaydullah as he passed the prophet's companions Heraclius (Latin: Flavius Heracles Augustus, Greek: Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος, Flavios Iraklios; c. 575 – February 11, 641) was the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 610 to 641.