The Ancient Indus Valley Civilization was thriving 4,000 years ago until a sudden migration led to its demise. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Interesting Indian Inventions and Discoveries That Are Universally Accepted, Online Distance Learning Through Open Universities in India, 10 Ayurvedic medicines for weight loss without side effects. The Decline of the Indus Valley (Harappan) CivilizationThe main objective of this lesson is to have students examine different theories associated with the decline of the Harappan Civilization and to form their own theories on what happened.Updated for Digital Learning, Students can complete and sub There were many theories about the decline of Harappan Civilization. Most of the cities in the Harappan Civilization have been found in a condition as if these had been first abandoned and then rebuilt. The Harappan Civilization thrived between 2600 – 1900 BC in the region that is now in Pakistan and India. The Harappan Civilization was one of the oldest civilization in the Indian sub-continent known for its modern structures.It was a Bronze Age Civilization in the northwestern region of South Asia. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. It was a Bronze Age Civilization in the northwestern region of South Asia. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. It was very useful to me!! ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Harappan Civilization ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions Exercises Question 1. In 1948 Vats excavated Harappa. Due to lack of developed medical facilities the entire population might be wiped out. The Harappan Civilization or the Indus Valley Civilization was a fascinating urban civilization in the world that flourished in the vast plains created by the River Indus and its tributaries. Aryan invasion theory | Sudden decline The supporters of this theory put forward the view that the warring tribe like Aryans came and invaded Harappan cities and people who were peaceful in nature. For more related information, you may refer to the following: Facts about the Indus Valley Civilization. On its northern side is central Asia, which full of tough tarrian and harsh climate. When definite causes can not been known, scholars have to imagine several possible reasons leading to such declines. Here, they shifted from a civilization composed of large cities to one of mostly small farming villages (map below). (Image: ... and the decline of cities during late Harappan times." The writing style was amazing and it helped me a lot in ending my project . Which States have been Given Special Provisions by the Constitution of India? DECLINE OF THE HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION The Harappan Civilization flourished till 1900 BC. JV’s UPSC 2021 Strategy UPSC Syllabus (Prelims Examination) UPSC Syllabus (Mains Examination) Micro-listing of GS Mains Syllabus UPSC-CSE 35 days strategy for Spectrum Modern History How to cover Indian Polity in an effective manner from M.Laxmikanth by Jatin Verma. The decline of the Harappan Civilization was as dramatic and enigmatic as was its emergence. On its northern side is central Asia, which full of tough tarrian and harsh climate. Definite reason that led to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization is not known, as no reliable resource of that period is available at present. The same site was excavated by Mackey in 1938. RL Raikes was famous hydrologist . But what leads to the decline of the Harappan Civilization is still a mystery. A new study from the WHOI found evidence that climate change likely drove the Harappans to resettle far away from the floodplains of the Indus. It is commonly believed that the Aryans were the next settlers. Broadly speaking, the principal theories thus far proposed fall under four headings. They witnessed the implementation of the caste system into Indian society and the … The Decline of the Harappans George F. Dales The archaeologist George F. Dales, who excavated at Mohenjo-daro in 1964, and hydrologist Robert L. Raikes propose a theory around the decline of the Indus civilization which involves large flooding and a back-up of the … Many of the distinctive features of the Harappan Civilization like writing, standardised seals and weights, some standardised aspects of town planning and other traits of material culture also disappeared. It is also said that the soils had lost fertility and diminished cereal production. But such flooding which could drown buildings 30 feet was not result of normal flooding. For instance, Mohenjodaro, one of the major cities of this civilization, earlier flourished on about eighty five hectares of land but later on got confined to just three hectares. Harappa is known to be a 4700 years old city in the subcontinent which was discovered around the time 1920. As per some scholars, the reason of the decline is the change in the course of River Ghaggar-Harka that had led to an increase in aridity of the place. Archeologists and historians think there are two main possible reasons the Indus Valley Civilization fell, which… The decline of Harappan culture is difficult to explain. Great help. That's what we're going to talk about. Why? Before discussing about the Decline of Harappan Civilization , let us have a quick discussion about the discovery of Harappan Civilization. Reason 3 : Raike’s Hypothesis – Floods . About Indus civilizations, the following arguments have been advanced as possible causes of its decline. These changes might have caused flood or different natural calamities. KVR Kennedy put forwarded another theory. They were skilled fighters, so their attack might have led to the destruction of the Harappan Civilization. The history shows that they have been attacked by some white-skinned people who priorly were considered Aryans. Climatic Change: In early 1950s, both Wheeler and Piggott also supported this theory. Indus valley or undivided Punjab is a very important part of Indian subcontinent. in the western part of South Asia, in what today is Pakistan and western India.The Indus or the Harappan civilisation belongs to the Chalcolithic or Bronze Age since the objects of copper and stone were found at the various sites of this civilisation. It is called Harappan because the remnants of the civilization was discovered first at the modern site of Harappa located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Now moving further, we are going to get knowledge on Technology, Art & Culture, etc. Got A+, i get great help from this so thank them how upload thissss. There were many factors that led to the decline of the Harappan Civilization. Many refer to the civilization as ‘Sindhu-Saraswati Civilisation,’ ‘Sarasvati Culture,’ or the ‘Indus-Saraswati Civilisation,’ as the Ghaggar-Hakra river … The first & foremost reason for the decline and collapse of the Indus Valley/Harappan Civilization is Climatic Changes. The Aryans were to become the new race of Indians, spreading throughout the entire Indian subcontinent. Answer: The remains of the two towns, Mohenjo-daro and Harappan reveal and remarkable sense of town planning—the drainage system, the Great Bath, the Assembly Hall […] Monday, May 18, 2020 AncientINDIA. The Harappan culture blossomed as the first urban civilization of ancient India. The Decline of Harappan Culture The Harappan people were great people, and if their culture had lived on, we could have achieved our world's present condition long ago. Other cities and villages degraded and faded out gradually. Published on: June 3, 2013 | Updated on: October 16, 2014, Select from the Drop Down to view archives. However one of the biggest cities is that of Harappa after Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. He suggested a tectonic uplift in the lower Indus plain causing the decline of the Harappan settlements situated in that area. Mortimer Wheeler also excavated Harappa in 1946. This may have lowered the water level and lead to water scarcity. There were two stars under the neck of the bull and it was looking to the right. Cunningham thought that the seal cannot be Indian. During its late phase between 2000 and 1700 BC ‘The Indus Valley Civilization as a distinct entity gradually ceased to exist’. Now many historians, who do not believe this theory, say that the Aryans might not be involved in any such attack. The possible reasons for the decline of Harappan civilization have long troubled scholars. Cities, for instance, were initially built with great care but reconstruction of the same was done with broken bricks and no attention was paid to the proper sewage system during reconstruction. Due to emergence of Elam as a powerful state in 2000 BC , trade and commerce with Mesopotamia along the long distance sea and land route was put on halt. In Pakistan F.A khan, A.H Dani, M.R Mughal and many others excavated many areas. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. Archeological evidences suggest that the civilization flourished in the Indus valley, hence it is also known as the Indus Valley Civilization.